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(4 million years BC)
Indonesia already existed during the Pleistocene period when it was linked with the present Asian mainland.
Java Man (Homo Erectus) was found in east Java.
Earliest inhabitants of the Indonesian archipelago originated from India or Burma.
Migrants (Malays) came from southern China and Indochina, and they began populating the archipelago
North Sulawesi never developed any large empire.
In North Sulawesi the leaders of the different tribes, who all spoke different languages, met by a stone known as Watu Pinawetengan. There they founded a community of independent states, who would form one unit and stay together and would fight any outside enemies if they were attacked.
Buddhist Srivijaya empire and the Hindu Mataram kingdom appeared in Java and Sumatra.
The existence of an ancient civilization in North Sulawesi can be derived from the presence of the first stone sarcophagi called Waruga.
Moslem merchants from Gujarat and Persia began visiting Indonesia and established trade links between this country and India and Persia.
Along with trade, they propagated Islam among the Indonesian people, particularly along the coastal areas of Java, like Demak.
The Chinese Emperor sent many expeditions of Junks to Malacca, Java and Maluku in 1292-1293. These Chinese expeditions were made to fight wars or for trading purposes. While trading, these Junk sailing ships brought ceramics porcelain to the Minahasa. They brought these ceramics to be exchanged with rice.
The start of the Majapahit Kingdom
In these days important heads of the Minahasa tribes were buried in sarcophagi, standing tombs, named Waruga.
The Chinese trade routes were followed by traders from Arabia. One trader from Arabia, Sharif Makdon, in 1380, plied trade from Ternate, Wenang (todays Manado) and then to South Philippines. Besides trading, the traders from Arabia spread the Muslim religion amongst the tribe Manarouw Mangindanouw.